1.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: one quality that a successful leader must have is to make decision quickly; when a leader takes too much time to make decisions, he will be seen as ineffective to the people he lead.
Some people believe that a leader should hold strong opinions and make decision quickly because this is an important way to show strong leadership. However, I believe that a leader needs to consider for some time to make decisions, and take into consideration the group members’ proposals during decision-making process.
In today’s workplace, the democratic style does have its place in business, thus both leaders and all group members should participate in the process of decision-making. This decision-making process usually requires several rounds of discussion and revision. In order to ensure that the whole team will be satisfied with the final decisions, it is inevitable to spend lots of time before the conclusion is drawn. For example, as a student majored in linguistics, I participated in several research studies related to the efficiency of students’ language learning. Every time when we made a decision about which research method to adopt and how to design the research, our team leader did not make hasty decisions without consideration; on the contrary, several meetings were held and the leader analyzed the advantages as well as the disadvantages of everyone’s proposal, which might take several weeks. Though taking lots of time, this decision-making process enables us to develop a deep and comprehensive understanding towards the topic of research and make correct decisions.
Admittedly, a leader should not hesitate when he or she is required to make decisions, as it is a way to show strong leadership. However, if, in a company or a research team, every decision is made in this way, I believe that it is because of lack of sufficient preparation. The decisions might bring terrible results and harm the whole team’s benefits. As a result, the leader will be seen as ineffective to the people he or she lead. In fact, in order to earn team members’ respect, a leader should involve everyone in the decision-making process and be humble to make a change when he or she makes wrong decisions. After all, it is not the time of making decision matters, but whether or not the decision itself is appropriate.
Based on the above discussion, a leader should avoid making hasty decisions but to spend enough time considering each team member’s proposals. Moreover, every team member should participate in the decision-making process.
2.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Nowadays people are more willing to help strangers than they were in the past.
Everyone meets problems in life and work, but not everyone has a willing heart to extend a helping hand to those who are in desperate need. That is human nature, and no one is to blame. Rather to our surprise, the number of people who are always ready to do a favor is on the rise, and I am also an eyewitness of such a delightful sign.
Back to the past decades, the public, indeed on most occasions, would pour out good will to all the vulnerable or the deprived that are often marginalized by the mainstream. Their kindness and generosity are basically contingent on mutual trust. Since the poor live a miserable life, those comparatively on a better position are obliged to help.
But short of solid material basis, people in the past are shyer in pocket than modern-day citizens. Thanks to the amelioration of living standard, present-day city-dwellers have ample resources and capabilities to play a role of helpers in every aspect. Young volunteers, for example, full of youth and vigor, are always prepared to contribute both time and energy to charities and other nonprofits whose targets are absolute strangers. Another momentum is the wide use of social media, a catalyst attracting average nationals to donate a small or large sum online. Our innate goodness and generosity have been fully piqued by virtue of relentless relay of those energetic social media users. Thus, to give immediate help to strangers across the ocean is no longer a fairy-tale.
Yet, an agonizing fact that a mass trust crisis along with internet trust crisis has been generated by invisible corruption and other illegal deeds appears to be a stunning revelation to the public. In the past few years, repetitive accounting fraud and other major scandals on the part of China Red Cross have taken us to a dilemma where we find ourselves totally lost in the course of doing good deeds. While the act of cooking the book is merely an individual case, the trauma has been made to both the credibility and capability of these organizations, also at the cost of public confidence. Fortunately, constant publicity, in light of the media supervision, and a transparent system of social security jointly create stronger faith in the public to rebuild trust again.
To conclude, people are showing more generosity towards strangers nowadays not only because of improved social surroundings but more of a convincing supervision system, a secure protection of our good wills.
3.Do you agree or disagree with the statement: Governments have done enough to educate the people the importance of a balanced lifestyle and healthy eating.
Do you have a healthy lifestyle? Before answering this question, we should first identify what is the standards of a healthy lifestyle. To enjoy a healthy lifestyle, a person should practice behaviors that could lead to positive outcomes, like enough sleeping, balanced eating, proper exercising, little stress, harmonious relationship and so on. Considering these standards, however, we might say few of the public are leading a healthy lifestyle and in my opinion, this is mostly because governments have not tried their best to educate people about healthy lifestyle and balanced diet.
Admittedly, there are some efforts made already by government spreading the importance of health. However, these are only few and rarely generate impacts on public healthy lifestyle. A common phenomenon in modern society is that due to poor awareness aroused, increasing number of people, especially in large cities, work overtime, drink excessively and stay up late. At the same time, due to limited fund from government, sports facilities in community can only meet needs of a small number of residents, thus leading to lack of physical exercise in general. As a result, more people even the young are found to be in sub-health condition. This worrying trend indicates that government needs to do more to educate people the significance of a healthy lifestyle.
Similarly, the endeavor that government has made in educating the importance of balanced eating is far from enough, especially that in food safety supervision. This in my country is particularly evident since there are variety of food safety incidents reported in China. For example, the Sanlu Milk Powder scandal which revealed that the powder added Melamine in order to increase the protein content of the milk can perfectly show the lack of supervision of food safety. Although since then Chinese government have carried out some policies to improve food hygiene, ironically, increasing number of Chinese people nowadays prefer to pay more for oversea products but have little confidence in domestic ones. If government had done enough to improve food safety, then there would be little possibility for the trend to appear.
To sum up, I disagree with the statement that the government has done enough in educating people the significance of healthy lifestyle and balanced eating due to the facts that more people are suffering from health problem and less confidence is shown to local food safety.
4.Some people say that students should study many lessons during a semester, but others say that it is better for students to just take three or four lessons. Which do you think is better?
Nowadays, schools are offering students a large range of courses, from traditional literacy to recently created courses, such as foreign language studies, financial management, and risk management, to name a few. Some people believe that students should choose as many courses as they could, whereas others argue that taking three or four courses one semester is enough. To my understanding, it is more appropriate to take three or four courses a semester.
Taking three or four courses one semester could enable students to develop their own interests and build their social network during leisure time, so that students will become more versatile and outgoing in the future. Generally speaking, it is not extremely difficult for students to complete assignments of three or four courses a semester. Therefore, most of the students could have sufficient time to participate in some beneficial activities, such as volunteering in the community, hanging out with friends, or working out at the gym, among others. Those activities, unlike study, enable students to do things that they like and to communicate with people who share the same interests with them. During this process, students will enjoy developing their own interests and build their social network, which will definitely benefit them in the future.
Moreover, choosing three or four courses instead of too many courses per semester could help students relax and maintain a positive attitude towards life. According to a recent survey, more and more children today are suffering from depression because they are forced to study extremely hard. In order to avoid this type of mental disease, students should not spend too many efforts on academic study. In this sense, by taking three or four courses a semester, students could have time to play and relax during their leisure time, so to relieve the stress caused by academic requirements.
Admittedly, taking many courses a semester, students might have the opportunity to learn more knowledge, including useful skills and practices that are beneficial to students’ future. However, once students become tired and feel stressful, they will become less motivated in learning, which will negatively influence their academic performance in all classes as a result.
Based on the above discussion, it is obvious that students should not sign up too many courses a semester. Taking three or four courses is more appropriate and beneficial from the perspectives of developing students’ interests and keeping a positive mental status.
5.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: people should not spend a lot of time on communication by technologies, such as through social media or with text messages.
With the development of modern technologies, people today are enjoying communicating through social media and text messages, which is convenient compared to scheduling face-to-face meetings. However, some people argue that people should not spend too much time on communication using technological devices. I totally agree with this viewpoint for the following reasons.
To begin with, communicating through social media reduces the time people meet in real life. Convenient it might seem, in fact, this type of communication could isolate people from each other. To illustrate, while chatting through social media, we usually choose to type and send text messages, which lacks tones, intonations, and facial expressions to show our feelings. Even if we could use emoji, the emoji still fails to express our true feelings because those symbols and pictures are identical in everyone’s computer screens or cellphones. Gradually, people will not consider seriously the feelings conveyed by texts and emoji and thus the communications become less effective. For example, some people only “like” others’ pictures and sharing on Facebook without any comments. It is inevitable that people feel more and more isolated from each other by simply “liking” each other’s postings online without meeting in person.
Moreover, always sticking to our cellphones or sitting in front of computers is harmful to our physical health. For instance, many people have found themselves suffering from muscle pain because of a sedentary lifestyle. On the contrary, if people meet in person, they might hang out and take a walk while taking to each other. Though different from doing exercises in gyms, this in person meeting at least enables people to relax and even sweat a little bit.
In addition, during spare time, people could choose to schedule a short trip, do some exercises, or simply read some books that they are interested in. The above types of activities are beneficial for our physical health, and could help broaden our horizons. In order not to become addicted to social media, it is necessary for us to limit the time we spending on our cell phones as well as the Internet.
Based on the above discussion, people should not spend a lot of time on communication by technologies, such as through social media or with text messages. On the contrary, we could meet in person, which could help us maintain social relationship with others. Besides, we should make use of our leisure time to do some beneficial activities instead of staring at the screen of our cellphones or computers all the time.